✅ [PDF / Epub] ☉ Reflections on the Revolution In Europe: Immigration, Islam, and the West By Christopher Caldwell ⚣ – Uroturk.info

Reflections on the Revolution In Europe: Immigration, Islam, and the West I could almost have cut and pasted the official book description into this review and left it at that, since the book description says it very clearly The Europe we have known is disappearing and what replaces it is, as yet, an unknown quantity The future is up for grabs and there are numerous cultures who will be competing for dominance The multi culture wars are not going to be pretty This is a disturbing book that should be compulsory reading for anyone who is interested in real politics the politics of people s actual lives, not the irrelevant hot air of politicians and party politics Caldwell addresses the evidence calmly but the results are unsettling The book was published in 2009 and things have gotten significantly worse since then, so maybe its time for Caldwell to write a follow up Further Reflections on In the meantime, this is a book that s well worth reading. I remember living in Europe in the 1990s and realizing for the first time that it had become home to waves of immigrants who had recently arrived from the former Eastern Bloc and around the world, and perhaps most noticeably from the Middle East In my American education the focus had always been on Europe as a source of immigration, not a destination for it While America had long been known as a melting pot, it was also a new world consisting of a vast and mostly empty continent that awaited those who were seeking new opportunity But America s story is very different than Europe s, which begs the question why Europe has attempted to follow the American model of mass immigration in recent decades, and why has it had such bad results.This book lays out the massive transformation Europe undertook in the post World War II era starting with the Gastarbeiter program in the 1950s and other similar experiments that were initially designed to assist with rebuilding efforts Instead, the mostly economic considerations morphed into politically correct notions favored by rarefied elites who continue to preach multiculturalism as a desirable moral obligation long after the guest worker programs were discontinued Today it is absolutely taboo to state the obvious that immigration is just not working, although a majority of Europeans still believes it What began as a naive reaction borne of guilt from racist atrocities committed by the Nazi regime has now resulted in a fundamental shift just a few decades later wherein European society is poised to become a cultural and political relic in the not too distant future.The author neatly sums up his entire premise in the final pages by concluding that the older post World War II generation reaped an economic windfall from the temporary benefits of mass immigration which is now being paid for by a current generation that is not so sanguine about it But it is too late to reverse course Muslims are not interested, or perhaps even disposed towards, assimilating to what they view as a depraved Western culture They belong to Islam first and Europe second at best Islam is steadily overtaking cities and towns street by street, and Muslims are patiently awaiting the day when their political clout will supersede the native people s and sharia can be imposed as the law of the land None of this is to say that Islam is inherently bad, only that it is fundamentally incompatible with European values, and that the future portends increased tension, violence, and eventually a transition in which the Europe of the past is no Even today Europe is grappling with scores of Muslim youth born and reared in Europe who identify with Islam and join the Islamic State to actively participate in battling the West One such youth from London is notoriously posting to this day internet videos of himself and other Muslim radicals graphically beheading numerous journalists and other innocent aid workers from the West in or around Syria.Nearly every other review of this book I ve read on Goodreads seems to express the reader s disappointment in the premise that a growing Islam in Europe is fundamentally changing it, and not for the better , without much rationale, which only seems to betray the unwitting biases exposed by the book itself The low reviews symbolize a feeling of being let down as though air had escaped from the politically correct balloon To that I would say don t shoot the messenger This book is smartly written and hardly polemical as it methodically demonstrates how Islam is supplanting European values rooted in a Christian past that Europeans no longer value Europe has largely abandoned its religious heritage and worships instead at the altar of political correctness The result is that religious freedom laws favor Islam at the expense of other beliefs, and immigration policies do little to stem the tide of the drastic demographic changes that are swiftly transforming the cultural and sociological landscape Numerous civilizations throughout history were overtaken and absorbed into subsequent ones the Akkadians, the Sumerians, the Etruscans, to name a few So it should come as no surprise that it is happening again, only that it is coming at the pointed and deliberate invitation of the society that will be displaced The frog in the pot of cold water orders that its temperature be increased steadily until the water finally boils Then that is that, the frog is cooked.Others have suggested that the author somehow bears responsibility for proposing a solution to the problems he has identified through painstaking detail and documentation I guess I don t see how Reflections on the Revolution in Europe is a misleading title that demands answers to a question that is never posed This book is very much the author s own reflections on his own views of what is I happen to think that he has touched on a number of uncomfortable but important dilemmas and drawn out insightful points that should be considered by anyone who is interested in public policy, or who at the very least is fascinated by observing history in the making. This is a persuasive expose on immigration and the growth of Islam in Europe.Historically Europe has been a source of out migration mostly to America Only since the end of the Second World War after Western Europe stabilized and commenced re building did it allow immigration from outside its periphery These immigrants were foreign in terms of language and culture particularly religion Since the 1950 s Europe has become a secularized society removing it s traditional Christianity, not only out of government, but from day to day life Europeans, the author convincingly argues, were na ve and ill equipped to deal with immigration from Islamic countries.As Mr Caldwell assiduously points out, politicians have been obfuscating the immigration issues for decades by using terms like diversity , integration , and multi cultural in an all too positive light At their peril they have ignored the presence of non compromising fundamentalist Islam in their cities.These ultra conservative societies or ghettoes have sprung up where youth are unemployed and are being drawn to Mosques that hardly preach democratic values They have become seed beds for anti European sentiments at best and nurture terrorists at worst Parallel societies have developed that bear little resemblance to Europe s values sexual equality, civil justice, freedom of expression In these separate enclaves women are hardly being treated as native European women are.All this is well documented in Mr Caldwell s book Islamists make demands that put European values at risk demands for different laws that imply sharia.I do feel that Mr Caldwell over emphasizes the nihilistic views of European artists that are espoused by a certain intellectual milieu European cities, in comparison to most North American cities, have a vibrant life, with bustling outdoor cafes teeming with people Museums abound amidst their well preserved streets and buildings It is only in the last few years that Europe s politicians have started to make an about face witness Sarkozy and Pim Fortuyn Pim was unfortunately killed in an incident unrelated to Islam but his ideas are spreading Europe does value woman s rights highly and as the author points out, hopefully this will be non negotiable in the escalating confrontations between Europe and Islam.This book is an excellent accounting of the frontline meeting place between Europe and its Islamic presence. I read some of the other readers comments on the book Its interesting that the people who rated it with 4 or 5 stars didn t exactly get warm fuzzy notions from the information therein But the people who said it wasn t a good book called the author a racist xenophobic liar This book poses some real serious questions about how Islam will or won t integrate with The West All his information is cited in the 30 plus pages of sources I d hope people who dismiss this book will take another look at it. This book, published in 2009, shows its age It was written before the mass immigration to Europe of the past few years, and also before the increase in Muslim terror While nothing the book says is wrong, and its analysis is sound enough though it nowhere justifies, or even attempts to justify, the echo of Burke in its title , its problem is that nearly everything it contains is outdated The future has arrived, and it is much worse than Caldwell pessimistically predicted, though at least we can now look forward to a fresh future for Europe that will be even farther downhill.I m actually bored with reading about the topic of European decay, so I think this will be my last book on it unless something fresh and new happens in Europe which it will soon, I am sure A variety of recent books, written from perspectives across the political spectrum, have covered much the same ground, including Douglas Murray s The Strange Death of Europe, Rita Chin s The Crisis of Multiculturalism in Europe, and James Kirchick s The End of Europe Murray s book is, in particular, worth reading than Caldwell s book Again, that s not because Caldwell s book is bad, as such, it is merely past its use by date Moreover, because it is mostly tacked together anecdotes, loosely grouped into modest, self contained segments on a given subtopic, it does not pull or compel the reader in any meaningful way It lacks a center, so the reader often feels adrift Like too many books by authors who typically write in magazines, it reads like of an extended periodical piece than a book.The usual way of looking at Europe s problem with immigration, by which is universally meant mass immigration from non European, almost exclusively Muslim, countries, is as point counterpoint On the one hand, we have Europe On the other, we have Islam These are separate cultures Discussions revolve around whether and how to integrate them in Europe, that is there is no talk of integrating any aspect of European culture in any Muslim country, for both practical reasons nobody wants to move to Muslim countries and Muslim theological reasons , as well as around whether the level of immigration is a problem, and whether immigrants pose challenges and cause problems, or are merely, or also, a benefit Caldwell s thought falls into this general pattern of positing a direct contrast, and conflict, between Europe and Islam.But this point counterpoint is really the wrong way to look at the matter What exists is actually a triangular relationship, with what Europe is, and what Islam is, forming the bases of the triangle, and the apex being what Europe was, before it went to hell Why and precisely when it went to hell we can debate, but no clear seeing person can deny that what Europe offers now, a wealthy land barren of children that worships the false god of so called liberal democracy, is not the Europe that made Europe what it was, and the modern world what it is Thus, counterpoising modern Europe to Islam, as the two alternatives on offer, is an overly limited vision That s not to say it s wrong just because there was an apex doesn t mean it s something we can climb back to Maybe it s just gone, and these two are the nasty alternatives on offer But you have to clearly strip out European characteristics that are not actually part of what Europe today, if you are comparing everything that today has to offer Christopher Caldwell sees part of this, in that he pretty obviously thinks Europe has little to offer Nature abhors a vacuum, and Islam flourishes in Europe because Europe is a continent of Lotos Eaters But he never takes the final step to fully appreciate the triangular relationship among the cultures being discussed.Nonetheless, Reflections is serviceable enough, if you re looking for a readable overview of the basic problems afflicting Europe Caldwell begins with a history of post war immigration to Europe This could accurately be simply called a history of immigration to Europe, since until after World War II, mass migration had never occurred since the early Middle Ages, and England, especially, is the exact opposite of a country of immigrants As most authors do on this topic, Caldwell starts by noting that Enoch Powell was right, at least in his facts and predictions, and he similarly notes the predictive power of Jean Raspail s The Camp of the Saints He discusses the reasons Europe encouraged this immigration, from postwar labor needs to left wing guilt to rescuing the welfare state He states the commonplace, usually muttered sotto voce, that the vast majority of Europeans oppose, and have always opposed, allowing Muslim immigration to Europe, yet their supposedly democratic rulers have always ignored this and aggressively suppressed dissent He points out the well known, yet suppressed, fact that diversity is the opposite of our strength it is corrosive of social bonds and rapidly erodes social trust, with no corresponding benefits of any type, other than the only concrete thing ever adduced by its proponents, food choices He documents the criminalization of opinion if it runs contrary to ruling class dictates And, to sum it up, Caldwell asks the question that frames his book Can you have the same Europe with different people The answer is no, to nobody s surprise, and to his credit, Caldwell says This book will avoid alarmism and pointless provocation, but it will also avoid euphemism and the kind of preemptive groveling that characterizes most writing about matters touching on ethnicity Preemptive groveling is what characterizes far too much conservative writing it is progressives who should begin every argument with an apology to the world for the enormous crimes they have committed and abetted Caldwell is full of fun statistics and unpalatable truths The United Nations Population Division calculates that replicating the age structure and support ratio of the welfare state of Europe would require 701 million new immigrants by 2050 He laughs at the UK Home Office s optimistic belief that these new immigrants won t themselves need old age support, because they ll mostly return to their home nations for their retirement He points out that Britain s Muslims join the military at roughly one twentieth the rate of other Britons, and that only 17 percent of British Muslims believe Muslims committed the September 11 attacks He shows that immigrants take out of welfare than they pay in despite lies you often hear to the contrary For example, in Germany between 1970 and 2000, the number of foreign residents doubled, to 7.5 million Of those, two million were employed in 1970 And two million were employed in 2000 The rest were relaxing at the expense of working Germans In 2017, it was than 10 million foreign residents, and climbing rapidly, and I wouldn t be surprised if it s still just two million working that I can t find the statistics suggests this is correct On the other hand, many of Caldwell s numbers are behind the times For example, he says The refugee and asylum system has been tightened across Europe in recent years, in the face of popular opposition A report in 2006 by the UN High Commission on Refugees showed only 9.2 million refugees and asylum seekers worldwide the lowest level in a quarter century, and probably indicative of nothing than tougher European screening procedures Well, Angela Merkel and the rest of her odious ruling class companions have shot that all to hell, haven t they In the second third of the book, Caldwell turns from immigration generally to an examination of Islam in the European context He cites Hilaire Belloc s 1938 prediction of the resurrection of Islam s political power He notes the ghettoization of Muslims in much of Europe and the existence undeniable then and now, but nonetheless often denied of European no go zones, where the authorities have effectively ceded control to Islam He offers clever phrases The first European generations in 1,300 years that did not see Islam as a threat turned out to be the last ones And, How can you say you re excluded, Europeans wondered, when I m always saying how delicious your baklava is He points out that the first generation of Muslim immigrants was extremely law abiding, causing far fewer problems than, say, the Irish did in the United States But the second generation, and the third ah, there s the rub They not only offer crime and terrorism, but separatism and demands for Muslim supremacy which, of course, is inherent in the religion of Islam, a major tenet of which is not that Christians and Jews must convert, which is a matter of indifference, but rather that they must submit Whether or not these violent people, mostly young, are actually devout is beside the point for them, as Caldwell notes, Islam is an anchor of identity We need to get back that anchor for ourselves, but that s another discussion All this is measured and not at all frothing, but again, I think it done better in Murray s book.Along the way, Caldwell contrasts the vibrancy of Muslim religious belief with the hollowness of European atheism, as well as the effect the disappearance of Christianity is having and will have on Europe Caldwell also notes that sexual matters are the only matters about which Europeans sometimes try to make Islam conform, something Rita Chin discusses at length, and he notes all the other cultural differences of Muslim immigrants aside from religious belief, from polygamy to cousin marriage This is the point in which it would make sense to analyze the triangular cultural relationship among cultures I outline above, but Caldwell either does not see it clearly, or he does not want to spend too much time counterpoising modern Europe to what it used to be, afraid of losing too much street cred.Still, he points out the lack of civilization and culture in Islam, noting Spain translates foreign books in a year into Spanish than all of the Arabic speaking countries have translated into Arabic since the reign of the Caliph Mamoun in the ninth century Caldwell seems to have thought that Pope Benedict, reigning when this book was published, might lead a pushback, as shown by his entirely accurate and correct remarks at Regensburg in 2006, where Benedict pointed out that, unlike Christianity, Islam rejects that God is necessarily rational or cannot contradict himself, and channeled Manuel II Palaeologos in A.D 1391, Show me just what Muhammad brought that was new and there you will find things only evil and inhuman, such as his command to spread by the sword the faith he preached Caldwell doesn t actually quote Manuel II s words, nor does he note that Pope Benedict wasn t specifically aligning himself with the thought though I do but perhaps paradoxically, I see a possible alliance between Muslims and orthodox Christians, at least in America , but his point is that Benedict was vigorously mounting a long overdue defense of Christianity Unfortunately, Caldwell was wrong, for Benedict was immediately forced to retreat which he should not have done , resigned for opaque reasons, and now we have the incoherent Pope Francis, who cannot mount a vigorous defense of anything at all, including, probably, whether and why he likes his eggs fried or scrambled.A fascinating tangential topic, which Caldwell only touches on very briefly, is that Muslims almost never convert to Christianity Belloc also pointed this out Why this is so should get discussion It is not enough to say, correctly, Muslims are afraid because apostasy is punishable by death in Islam, or, put broadly, in all Muslim societies extreme social pressure exists not to convert Even aside from such pressure, theologically, Islam is a closed system, containing all the answers and aggressively discouraging any free inquiry, which may itself make conversion rare Or perhaps lack of conversions is mostly the happenstance of how Christianity and Islam have historically found themselves aligned with respect to each other True, few Christians today convert to Islam, but historical examples of mass conversion to Islam are common But all such occurred in areas conquered by Islam, in which over centuries conversion is inevitable, if for no other reason to avoid the taxes Islam requires to non Muslims to pay Since no Muslim countries have yet been conquered by Christians, in the sense of imposing permanent cultural control colonialism doesn t count , maybe mass conversion of Muslims to Christianity hasn t been given a real opportunity, because there never been significant numbers of Muslims contained in areas dominated by vibrant Christian rulers In such a case, maybe there would be mass conversions who knows Of course, perhaps, or probably, the days when countries are conquered in the old sense are gone Certainly, we can be sure Europe as it exists now will never conquer anything again, and would not resist conquest which is why it is in the position Caldwell describes But mass conversion of both Muslims, along with today s Europeans, to Christianity real Christianity, not the insipid, sometimes poisonous, brew that passes for it in most of the West might be a path backward and upward from the slough of despond in which Europe finds itself.Finally, Caldwell turns to the West s ongoing reaction to these problems He talks of Pim Fortuyn and Nicolas Sarkozy, of Tariq Ramadan and Hassan al Banna He talks of rising anti Semitism, in words and violence He calls the UK Independence Party, instrumental in Brexit, eccentric hobbyists, failing to foresee its future success though that is hardly exceptional None of this is all that exciting, and at the end of the day, Caldwell has little to offer I suppose that s in the nature of a book that is a series of strung together vignettes His last paragraph, while not wrong in any way, is remarkably weak It is certain that Europe will emerge changed from its confrontation with Islam It is far less certain that Islam will prove assimilable Europe finds itself in a contest with Islam for the allegiance of its newcomers For now, Islam is the stronger party in that contest, in an obvious demographic way and in a less obvious philosophical way In such circumstances, words like majority and minority mean little When an insecure, malleable, relativistic culture meets a culture that is anchored, confident, and strengthened by common doctrines, it is generally the former that changes to suit the latter.True enough Islam flourishes because Europe has nothing to offer We get it But this is defeatism, and defeatism is boring If one thinks there is nothing to be done, why write a book The world is not changed by lassitude Rather, it is changed by a man riding a sealed train, nursing a spark readied to burn down the world by a man wounded in battle who looked inward, found God, and then turned outward, wielding a spiritual sword across the globe by a man who retreated to the mountains around Rome, fifteen hundred years ago, and founded monastic communities that transformed the world to be such even as we see it today It is not changed by books like this one. The time you spend with Christopher Caldwell and his all over the map musings on his conviction that we should all be afraid, very afraid, of the danger presented by each and every Muslim in the world, the you start to wonder if he is not in fact playing some kind of Stephen Colbert angle here.Like the great Colbert himself, Caldwell can drone through an extended passage of what sounds like serious analysis as he explores his thesis that godless Europeans basically have no shot against the invading hordes of Islam who are going to take over their continent sooner or later, because, well, they re foreign Then he can turn on a dime and let loose with a real howler.My own favorite came on Page 342, when Caldwell, an American in fact, an American born in New Jersey, of all places lamented in a tone of high dudgeon the generalized fading of the sense that what goes on in someone else s country is none of your business This from a guy who has for hundreds of pages been engaging in all sorts of raw speculation about the essence of contemporary European life, such as when, five pages later, he describes Europe as a civilization in decline, based on his sense, well, he s not even quite sure It is missing some hard to define factor, he writes Caldwell is generally seen as a serious fellow, a regular presence in publications like the New York Times Magazine and the Financial Times, along with the right wing Weekly Standard, and he in fact has done a huge amount of valuable work in this book He raises a lot of good questions about the ability of a European culture heavily invested in tolerance and multiculturalism to handle increasing numbers of people whose religion orients them against many of what might be called European values However, somewhere along the way, he decided to hop up a book that might otherwise be a dull read with all manner of too confident, too reckless, too smug pronouncements Shoot from the hip types should be especially well informed, but Caldwell s knowledge has gaps in it, often at the very times when he s sounding the most opinionated.He writes that German and French opposition to the Bush war in Iraq was an expression of Europe s pre existing wish for emancipation from American tutelage, which could be fine, if he were presenting it as only an opinion, but he goes on to claim it is not true that European publics were in full solidarity with the United States after the attacks in 2001 What he doesn t tell you is that the largest gathering in the world in support of the victims of the Sept 11 attacks, three days later, took place in Berlin, and that a German politician named Johannes Rau thundered Amerika steht nicht allein That is, America does not stand alone Caldwell would have done better to include fewer studies, and to describe a passionate, late night conversation with, say, a Turkish German resident of the Berlin neighborhood of Kreuzberg.Caldwell explicitly argues that it is a mistake to see any difference between different Muslims in different countries, and yet he doesn t even bother to discuss, for example, the remarkable scene when Turkey s soccer team was a surprise of the 2008 European Championships All over Kreuzberg, people of Turkish parentage drove around with both flags, German and Turkish, and were giddy about cheering on both teams.So maybe an American living in Berlin is not Caldwell s ideal fan He s in essence calling anyone like me, who lives in Europe as a foreigner, some kind of dangerous parasite so naturally I am inclined to take umbrage But the deeper point is Yes, he raises great questions, but he acts as if he has all the answers No one, at this point, has all the answers Here s a suggestion that Caldwell do work on another book, but get to know some Europeans along the way I ll be happy to take him on a tour of some Turkish dive bars in Kreuzberg once he s ready to start his research on that one. A brilliant, insightful and challenging analysis of the cultural upheaval in Europe that is coming about due to mass Muslim immigration, native demographic decline, a weakness of European will to be European, and the clash of civilizations.The fact is that culture trumps politics, but an uncritically universally liberal political system can be a national suicide pact if one is not careful The fact is this Islam is a problem both in the lands Muslims immigrate to as well as in the lands they emigrate from Caldwell gives a wide ranging examination of why that is the case across every front imaginable If you want to understand the domestic politics and cultural crisis affecting every Western European nation this is the book to read.The bottom line is this abstract European notions of libertine rights is a pretty thin foundation upon which to confront the total social phenomenon that is Islam in the present age All the politically correct pieties held so dearly by all sides of this contentious debate are stripped bare for serious, critical examination. Good overview of the history of mass immigration to Europe and an analysis of the effects and pitfalls of this phenomenon, especially regarding the mass immigration of Muslim people from third world countries Book was published in 2009, so it doesn t anticipate the severity of the current situation, but the analysis is sound Especially the varying reactions to the problems of multiculturalism and the rising role of Islam are covered in a very thoughtful and measured way The author is critical but he doesn t judge either side, which is an important difference in this dialogue His take on integration of Muslims was of particular interest to me, and I wish he would have covered on this topic, but the book is a great starting point for further research especially since it leaves the facts to your own interpretation and ask a number of poignant questions Questions that are very often in the forefront of our lives as we deal with the question of the refugee crisis on a daily basis I for one am for drawing a line between genuine refugees and economic migrants We can t take in the poor from the entire developing world, we just can t And we aren t a refugee centre for the Middle East either It seems people are forgetting Europe went through a severe economic crisis and some countries aren t doing as well as Germany, so expecting them to take on the burden of housing, educating, and transporting refugees and migrants is just selfish I m also for a critical overview of the integration levels of former migrants and their children and are following radical Islam and rejecting Western secular society The author has some theories and answers regarding that but again, I wish for an even deeper analysis It is certainly a very good book, so I recommend it. If you have time to spare and are interested about the impact Muslim immigrants are making on Europe, then read this book I ll try my best to summarize what this book is about Europe messed up big time with immigration after WWII Most immigrants are Muslims, and they aren t adjusting very well to European culture Both Europe and Muslims are at fault here The book takes great detail in explaining the faults of both sides and the impact of Muslim immigration on Europe I m glad I live in the USA.People often state that this book is racist I don t really think it is As a Muslim born in the US and who also lived in the Frontier of Pakistan I have a pretty solid understanding of Western vs Eastern culture There are many things which Caldwell says which may sound racist to an outside observer, but I knew exactly what he was talking about and I was often surprised by how accurately he understood Muslims and their goofy cultural practices.Honestly I could write quite a bit about this book There s just way, way too much information to discuss in a simple review Certain arguments in the book didn t seem to add any weight to the matter at hand, that s probably the only issue I have with the material I m glad Caldwell took an effort to write a book about such a time relevant topic. Can You Have The Same Europe With Different People In It The Answer, Says Christopher Caldwell, Is No Europe Has Undergone A Demographic Revolution It Never Expected A Half Century Of Mass Immigration Has Failed To Produce Anything Resembling An American Style Melting Pot By Overestimating Its Need For Immigrant Labor And Underestimating The Culture Shaping Potential Of Religion, Europe Has Trapped Itself In A Problem To Which It Has No Obvious SolutionChristopher Caldwell Has Been Reporting On The Politics And Culture Of Islam In Europe For Than A Decade His Deeply Researched And Insightful New Book Reveals A Paradox Since World War II, Mass Immigration Has Been Made Possible By Europe S Enforcement Of Secularism, Tolerance, And Equality But When Immigrants Arrive, They Are Not Required To Adopt Those Values And They Are Disinclined To, Since They Already Have Values Of Their Own Muslims Dominate Or Nearly Dominate Important European Cities, Including Amsterdam And Rotterdam, Strasbourg And Marseille, The Paris Suburbs And East London Islam Has Challenged The European Way Of Life At Every Turn, Becoming, In Effect, An Adversary Culture The Result In Reflections On The Revolution In Europe, Caldwell Reveals The Anger Of Natives And Newcomers Alike He Describes Guest Worker Programs That Far Outlasted Their Economic Justifications, And Asylum Policies That Have Served Illegal Immigrants Better Than Refugees He Exposes The Strange Ways In Which Welfare States Interact With Third World Customs, The Anti Americanism That Brings European Natives And Muslim Newcomers Together, And The Arguments Over Women And Sex That Drive Them Apart He Considers The Appeal Of Sharia, Resistance, And Jihad To A Second Generation That Is Alienated From Europe Than The First, And Addresses A Crisis Of Faith Among Native Europeans That Leaves Them With A Weak Hand As They Confront The Claims Of Newcomers As Increasingly Assertive Immigrant Populations Shape The Continent, Caldwell Writes, The Foundations Of European Culture And Civilization Are Being Challenged And Replaced Reflections On The Revolution In Europe Is Destined To Become The Classic Work On How Muslim Immigration Permanently Reshaped The Westubleday

About the Author: Christopher Caldwell

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