[Read] ➯ Candide ou l'Optimisme By Voltaire – Uroturk.info
This is a truly hilarious satire which starts with poor Candide being kicked out of the castle where he was born and brought up, after he falls in love with the baron s daughter, Cunegonde Then his troubles begin, and he ends up travelling all around the world looking for his beloved.Candide experiences trial after trial, each one as bad and as far fetched as the last However, the way in which these trials were described did not make one feel too sorry for him the story hadof the feel of a tragicomedy, especially with the speed of events and the gross exaggerations.Candide s mentor, the philosopher, Pangloss, was such an infuriating yet funny character He maintains that everything is for the best in this best of all possible worlds and stubbornly sticks by this maxim This book is a bildungsroman of sorts because we see what Candide makes of that supposition throughout his trials Voltaire spares nobody in his attack on society Figure to yourself all the contradictions, and all the absurdities possible, and you will find them in the church, in the government, in the tribunals, and in the theatres of this droll nation I can only imagine what an uproar this book must have created when it was first published All in all, a very funny book. If this is the best of possible worlds, what then are the others If the world was created to drive us mad, as one character in Candide suggests, it is quite well suited for its purpose and running like a fine tuned machine If, on the other hand, everything is for the best in this best of possible worlds, as the optimist philosopher Pangloss claims in admiration for Leibniz idea of a benevolent, planning, organised deity, the above question is fair and scary What are the other worlds like, if this is the best the creator can manage Candide is born into a garden Eden and taught the dogma of optimistic thinking before being thrown out into the cruel world and embarking on an absurdly funny, incredibly brutal and increasingly cynical odyssey around a fictionalised, yet recognisable violent and unfair world Consistently striving to understand his surroundings, he keeps asking questions and challenging the people he meets, and he keeps reflecting on the events he witnesses, such as the earthquake in Lisbon in 1755 How does reality fit in with metaphysical thoughts Is it possible to reconcile life and faith and satisfy both body and soul, while facing the blatant inequality in the world In the end, Candide resigns himself to his own, active but detached business of cultiver notre jardin , working to be able to shut out the atrocities of the world He emancipates himself from the philosophical framework of his teacher Pangloss, even though he lets him keep on reflecting in his typical way, thus demonstratingtolerance than Pangloss himself accomplishes.When I first read Candide, some twenty years ago, I thought of it as a roller coaster ride through different societies, on a quest to find individual meaning and happiness by figuring out what matters in life I considered the external circumstances and the Leibnizian optimism a highly exaggerated sarcastic joke, a backdrop for the development of the idea that bliss is to be found in active, yet private pursuit of small scale business without dogmatic allegiances to any creed, be it religious, social or political.Now I am not so sure about the exaggeration any having spent decades studying the interactions between human beings, and their habit of labelling a total disaster a great win , positioning themselves somewhere in the grey zone between delusional optimism, brutal cynicism and complete disregard for truth L optimisme c est la rage de soutenir que tout est bien quand on est mal If that is what the leaders of the world support, and the majority of populations accept in resignation while minding their own private business, how can we ever get to the point of attempting to fix the problems of this best of possible worlds Acknowledging the issues would be the first step, wouldn t it If we maintain climate change isn t happening, we will have human induced catastrophes of the scale of the flood following the Lisbon earthquake If we do not fight injustice and violence, but claim it is part of the bigger picture of the best possible of worlds, life will continue to be as brutal for our contemporaries as it was for Candide and his friends I should like to know which is worse to be ravished a hundred times by pirates, and have a buttock cut off, and run the gauntlet of the Bulgarians, and be flogged and hanged in an auto da fe, and be dissected, and have to row in a galley in short, to undergo all the miseries we have each of us suffered or simply to sit here and do nothing That is a hard question, said Candide Having grown older, andangry at the world, I do not agree with the two options presented Life is not either about passively suffering it or withdrawing from the world altogether, it is about actively looking for change It is about honestly admitting that we do not live in the best possible of worlds, while keeping up the fight to make it a tiny bit better, despite feeling despair creeping into our hearts every so often It is about cultiver notre jardin but not hidden away in a remote corner The garden of our shared global community has to be tended It is not oblivious, exclusive Eden, and never will be But it can be a good enough place to live, if the Candides of this world decide to make it a common project one that shows collaborative commitment despite continuous disappointment I still love Candide with all my heart, but I think it is about time he applies the knowledge he gained from travelling the world to make it abearable place to be for all people starting by telling optimistic Pangloss that facts areimportant than a false mantra hiding the issues under propaganda.Il faut cultiver notre plan te malgr tout Candide Is The Story Of A Gentle Man Who, Though Pummeled And Slapped In Every Direction By Fate, Clings Desperately To The Belief That He Lives In The Best Of All Possible Worlds On The Surface A Witty, Bantering Tale, This Eighteenth Century Classic Is Actually A Savage, Satiric Thrust At The Philosophical Optimism That Proclaims That All Disaster And Human Suffering Is Part Of A Benevolent Cosmic Plan Fast, Funny, Often Outrageous, The French Philosopher S Immortal Narrative Takes Candide Around The World To Discover That Contrary To The Teachings Of His Distinguished Tutor Dr Pangloss All Is Not Always For The Best Alive With Wit, Brilliance, And Graceful Storytelling, Candide Has Become Voltaire S Most Celebrated Work Candide is an accessible masterpiece which demonstrated to the world Volatire s genius as a satirist The eponymous Candide is a young man tutored by an optimist who is convinced according to the cause and effect philosophy of Leibniz and perhaps is best summarized in Voltaire s leitmotif that human beings live in the best of all possible worlds Alexander Pope rather laughably made the same outrageous claim in his Essay on Man in which he writes, Everything that is is right How can this be so, you may well ask Here is the nut of the problem it seems that a perfect God has created a highly imperfect world How can a good, omnipotent, loving God create a world in which so much catastrophic evil exists and which is so often allowed even to thrive It is a question for the ages Theologians argue that God created mankind with free will and without it they would simply be puppets without the freedom to make choices Theologians also point out that the majority of the evil resident in our world is perpetuated on vast masses of humanity by other human beings, not God, and that evil is the cause and effect of conflicting self interests imposed by people withpower upon the less powerful But this point doesn t explain why a loving, all powerful God would allow any of it to exist and endure Why not cast down all the devils and give his human creatures a perfect garden, a paradise on earth, without snakes anywhere Why did God create the serpent in the Garden of Eden in the first place Voltaire, like Rousseau, was an avid gardener and Voltaire jests at Rousseau s good faith in the Confessions as if the latter were simply a country bumpkin But gardens have a great deal of meaning in Candide as in, for example, Milton s Paradise Lost or Genesis and are thematically significant for Voltaire who concludes that gardens are, after all, a wise place to reside out of harm s way Voltaire absolutely skewers the optimistic cause and effect of Pope and Leibniz with a catalog of tragicomic catastrophes which plague not only Candide and Pangloss but all of mankind infinitely Consider the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755 which burst suddenly out of nowhere with all its raging fires and tidal waves to destroy nearly all of the city and the ships in its harbor Is there no end even to the great catastrophes in which man has no hand but from which we are compelled to suffer except for God s grace Voltaire s vivid and piercing wit is hilarious as he brazenly brings parody to places high and low, near and far, rich and poor to depict our world as the ultimate dystopia In his novel Candide can only find a semblance of happiness in El Dorado, a rich, hidden world in South America in other words, happiness in real life can only be found in a utopia without a basis for reality So what are we to deduce about Candide Is he a sometimes violent fool for all his naivete And is Pangloss not a buffoon who earns his suffering so extensively at every turn of the road for his unjustified, unbridled optimism Or are they heroic for their optimism despite the epic disasters that nearly devastate them time after time Or is their fate really just the human condition and are they both just being all too human You decide In the course of your reading of this brief novel you may discover, as I did, that the optimists are constantly challenged by the gap between their optimism and reality, and that the pessimists are doomed to be the unhappiest people on the planet because they cannot imagine a world without misery and, thereby, create it for themselves wherever it doesn t really already exist Take your pick of perspectives as a free human being and challenge your own assumptions about the human condition Clearly, Balzac would seem to agree with his compatriot, Voltaire, that whatever you make of life on this earth, surely it is no less than an epic human comedy At least in this life, thankfully, if you can stand back far enough, there is, God knows, no end to the laughter of the human condition. panglossian adj characterized by or given to extreme optimism, especially in the face of unrelieved hardship or adversity. If an English word came from a book s character, that must be something If the book was written and first published in the 18th century and many people still read it up to now, that must be really something.I thought Voltaire s Candide was a difficult boring slow long read Wrong Exactly the opposite It s an easy, very entertaining, fast paced and short only 100 pages read If you are still scared of reading classics pre 1900 , give this one a try You will love this It tells a story of a man named Candide who falls in love with a materialistic but very beautiful Cunegonde Her barron father of the lady does not approve of the affair so he kicks Candide out from house So, Candide wanders around and meets all the misfortunes along the way The novel is a picaresque as the long travel, meeting a lot of people and experiencing all the fortunes and misfortunes along the way, ends up with Candide enjoying his life and tending the beautiful garden of his estate.This is the reason why I, afterthan 3 years, went to our frontyard this morning and tended my overgrown garden I pruned the trees and the shrubs, trimmed the plants, pulled out some weeds while my daughter helped in shooing away big red ants and removing the cobwebs Reading has these all positive effects on me It can even remind me of the things that I have been forgetting for a long time This novel closes with this lineThat is well said, replied Candide, but we must cultivate our gardenWhen I finished reading it last night, I said, why not Its complete title is Candide or Optimism because of Candide s tutor, Doctor Pangloss who is an extreme optimist that Candide learns to always look at the positive side of things You may say that I liked this book because of that Wrong The positivity of Dr Pangloss is one for the books as it verges on stupidity and it is so funny when Candide remembers him and saysI wonder what would Pangloss say if he was hereHaving an English word culled from his name is really appropriate He is really one for the books.A life err routine changing novel since I am gardening again after 3 long years of doing nothing at home but reading, reading and reading Except of course when am I at Goodreads reading book reviews of my friends, clicking the Like button and when I am in front of my desktop killing zombies by throwing plants at them.I liked this book I dedicate this review to my dear friend Roger, a writer of inspiring reviews This is in great part in answer to your question Do you ever read anything light Roger made me think what major literature work, as nothing less would do , that I read would fit the definition of light Of course, Candide came up front to my mind And what makes Candide so brilliant and hilarious Not one think, but various factors combined 1 Remarkable characters a hopelessly na ve protagonist, for whom you have no choice but be sympathetic with wastrel nobles, besides a motley group from priests to prostitutes, philosophers how could Voltaire not include a parody of himself ending with fanatics and fiends 2 The absurdity of its plot The plot is dizzying, hectic and horrifying, while its protagonist goes from nobility to serfdom, from penury to extravagance, from significance and misery to anonymity and contentment Wholly unconventional And its readers become dazzled by its unfolding events that that despite being absurd are also utterly real 3 The genius of Voltaire as you turn the pages you realize that s he is there, peeking from behind the curtains into the stage, whispering to you It could all be trueOh, yes So, a long string of jokes creeps from the pages to the reader, absurdities that are not so absurd and enriches the reading experience with insight into its context Candide reveals itself as a long gone road trip Journal of genuine charitable naivety The tragedies and violence are never ending,than anybody s fair share Poor Candide, he skips from one misadventure to another gets kicked out of his home is drafted into the army gains a fortune, loses his fortune chases the object of his desire all over the worldI should like to know which is worse to be ravished a hundred times by pirates, and have a buttock cut off, and run the gauntlet of the Bulgarians, and be flogged and hanged in an auto da fe, and be dissected, and have to row in a galley in short, to undergo all the miseries we have each of us suffered or simply to sit here and do nothingAt all his disasters and misfortunes, his teacher and traveling companion Dr Pangloss simply rationalizesit is all for the bestThis is the best possible world we live in, and the bad things that occur happen to be the best to show us the blessing of what we have Is that it Voltaire goes furtherIt is demonstrable, said he, that things cannot be otherwise than as they are for as all things have been created for some end, they must necessarily be created for the best end Observe, for instance, the nose is formed for spectacles, therefore we wear spectacles The legs are visibly designed for stockings, accordingly we wear stockings Stones were made to be hewn and to construct castles, therefore My Lord has a magnificent castle for the greatest baron in the province ought to be the best lodged Swine were intended to be eaten, therefore we eat pork all the year round and they, who assert that everything is right, do not express themselves correctly they should say that everything is best How could it not beabsurd and hilarious And so Voltaire succeeds in ridiculing his world And, in a way, our ownAll events are linked together in the best of possible worlds after all, if you had not been driven from a fine castle by being kicked in the backside for love of Miss Cunegonde, if you hadn t been sent before the Inquisition, if you hadn t traveled across America on foot, if you hadn t given a good sword thrust to the baron, if you hadn t lost all your sheep from the good land of Eldorado, you wouldn t be sitting here eating candied citron and pistachios Exhausted, Candide finally finds his just retreatw e must cultivate our garden Yes, Candide is one of my favorite books, and it occupies a very special place in that collection. Zounds This book is wildly entertaining and I giggled all the way through Candide s awful adventures Who would have thought that murder, rape, slavery, sexual exploitation, natural disaster, pillaging, theft, and every other oppression imaginable could be so funny Here s some pretty good insight from the old woman with one buttockI have been a hundred times upon the point of killing myself, but still I was fond of life This ridiculous weakness is, perhaps, one of the dangerous principles implanted in our nature For what can beabsurd than to persist in carrying a burden of which we wish to be eased to detest, and yet to strive to preserve our existence In a word, to caress the serpent that devours us, and hug him close to our bosoms till he has gnawed into our heartsWe can try to remain optimistic and rationalize that the horrors we witness are all a part of some plan but the choice to keep on living is a truly irrational one given all of the evidence available for us to consider We go on living against our better judgment and in spite of all of our misery It is what we were born to doYou lack faith, said Candide It is because, said Martin, I have seen the world I loved Candide It is such a brilliant satire on the ideas observed through the glass of rosy eyed philosophyAll is for the best in the best of all possible worldsCandide, a young fellow, believes that whatever happens is for the best, courtesy his tutor Dr Pangloss The writing covers a number of unfavorable happenings and incidents, which should have been sufficient enough to let him abandon the colored glasses But voila Our man Candide is one optimist He continues believing even through all the misfortunes in life Nothing, not even the greatest follies of mankind like injustice, greed, apathy can shake his belief In search of his beloved, Lady Cunegonde, he faces one trouble after another at each step believing the philosophy to be true for he believes that he will be happy after he reunites with the love of his life After many misadventures, he finally reunites with the Lady only to find that he doesn t love her that much view spoiler for she turns from being very beautiful to being very ugly for the hardships that she faces in life hide spoiler Voltaire s novel introduces the reader to Candide, a wide eyed, calm and slightly bland young gentleman who resides at Castle Westphalia and who believes in the philosophy that everything in the world is for the best One of the first scenes is filled with two emotional opposites for Candide who first gets to kiss his love, Cunegonde behind a screen, only to then be kicked out of the castle, literally, by the Baron of Thunder ten Tronckh Here then begins Candide s incredible, fantastical adventure which takes him all over the globe with his mind always believing in the viewpoint that the folly of optimism Moving on from being a soldier in the Bulgarian army to being shipwrecked, being involved with the aftermath of an earthquake to being robbed and swindledtimes than seems fair our hero has a lot of bad luck One of the overarching issues of this narrative is to present that it isn t just Candide that bad things happen to and that the world is just pretty damn horrible Tragic things happen to all our main characters including philosopher Dr Pangloss and a nice old lady who saved Candide from certain death The tale is humorously and satirically presented in short, sharp chapters by Voltaire Some descriptions of doom and degradation are presented in a comic fashion because if they were not they might be too unspeakably horrid and upsetting to read, and therefore would not keep us readers interested in, well, reading further The heartlessness, negativity, and cold heartedness of humans is a frequent aura and undertone throughout The novel features all sorts of nastiness such as rape, murder, prostitution, and slavery among other diabolical nastiness and nonsense The only part of this book where Voltaire excludes any use of humour is when he talks about slavery after we meet a mutilated man This is quite poignant when the author has presented all the mephistophelian activities previously that slavery doesn t deserve any humour arguably making this the crime Voltaire begrudges the most in this world There are many heart rending, pitiful and distressing moments throughout, sprinkled with humour and comedy Candide and his valet Cacambo, after nearly being eaten by indigenous people arrive in Voltaire s Utopia El Dorado This was my favourite section of the book as this unobtainable existence is a polar opposite of everything that the two young men have faced so far Gold and diamonds litter the streets as pebbles, there is no law, scientific advancements that make the Western world jealous, no prisons and is opposite to the popular viewpoint of the story that all is misery and illusion The main plot progression throughout the book is Candide trying to find his love Cunegonde as he wishes to marry her which is his reason for stupidly in my opinion leaving this wonderful place The whole cast is likable Some of the times they meet up with friends spontaneously all over the world is amazingly far fetched Two of the main characters are previously mentioned optimistic philosopher Dr Pangloss and ultimately pessimistic scholar and travel companion of Candide s, Martin The juxtaposition here is very interesting It is very black and white for these extreme viewpoints There is no compromise or middle ground A great amount of philosophy is discussed throughout the book in conversations usually prompted by Candide who wants answers to how the world works It may very well be that he changes his optimistic opinion throughout the narrative I probably shouldn t like a book with so much negativity but it is incredibly written It reminded me of Verne s Around The World In Eighty Days Both being high octane adventures transversing across the globe but with Candide s undertones being a lotmacabre.My favourite scene was when Candide discusses classic literature such as Homer, Virgil, and Horace to a King who dislikes everything You will agree that this is the happiest of mortals, for he is above everything he possesses Negativity and hatred is the main theme throughout the whole novel The problem with reviewing classic literature like this is that many greater wordsmiths over previous centuries have writtenpoetic and moving opinions I m an ant looking up at these amazing intellects and just trying to give my thoughts I struggle to write about legendary books however I enjoyed the book so much I had to write down a few blurbs of thoughts even though the quality will be lacking when compared to previous critics If you haven t already, this book is very well worth reading James Tivendale. Slightly disappointed with the next Gabriel Garcia Marquez, I took on this classic in one sitting.J S Where has this one been all my life I adore Candide because it is rife with adventure, it is a speedy read, and at the very end you experience a vortex of feelings and NOVEL concepts It transcends literature itself.Compare this to Dante To Shakespeare I could not help but smile at all the awful misadventures of our poor fool This is made for someone, like me, who thinks The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho isn t all that I even told G that I was put off by the cover that is, not until the entire book is ravished torn apart by the ravenous reader does the simple, almost academic print of a globe in this particular edition of Candide make sense.Sovoila Voltaire Easily EASILY Top Ten.