[KINDLE] ❅ Disputatio pro declaratione virtutis indulgentiarum Author Martin Luther – Uroturk.info
The Ninety Five Theses Is A Text That Everyone Knows, Most Refer To, But Few Actually Read, Writes Stephen Nichols Nevertheless, It Is Such A Crucial Text That It Deserves To Be Read Widely Toward That End, Nichols Has Prepared This Edition With An Illuminating Introduction, Explanatory Notes, And Several Illustrations Martin Luther Has Left A Legacy That Continues To Enrich The Church Through His Writings, Writes Nichols All Of This May Be Traced Back To The Last Day In October And The Nailing Of The Ninety Five Theses To The Church Door Din adamlar n n i inde, din ad alt nda yap lan koku mu luklar ilk karanlardan birinin tezleri Elbet okunmas gereken al malardan Ne o zamanlarda ne de imdi i e yarayacak ya da birilerinin bu koku mu sistemi y kmas na sebebiyet vermeyecek elbet Fakat yine de bir mit tad nda, baz lar n n bir eyler i in u ra t n g rmek ad na e siz bir ba lang. Reformu ba latarak d nya tarihine y n veren Martin Luther in Doksan Be Tez ini okuyucuya sunmas sebebiyle l tuf olarak tan mlayaca m eser kesinlikle okunmas gereken yap tlardan biri Yozla an kiliselerin end ljans yani ba lama yetkisiyle para kazanmaya ba lad bu d nemde defalarca susturulmaya al an Ke i Luther in d ncelerini ortaya koyu bi imine hayran kalmamak elde de il Din adam olmas na ra men yap lan yanl n n nde durarak kiliselerin geri ad m atmas n sa layan Luther in yazd klar 1500 l y llarda neler ya and na k tutarken g n m zde de ayn eyleri ya yor olmam z sebebiyle okuyucu da a k nl k yarat yor Her edebiyat ve sanat severin mutlaka kitapl nda bulunmas gereken eserlerden.07.03.2018 stanbul, T rkiyeAlp Turguthttp www.filmdoktoru.com kitap labo 86 Yine, Ni in serveti, zengin Crassus un servetinden daha b y k olan Papa, biricik Aziz Petrus Bazilikas n kendi paras yla de il de, inan l fakirlerin paras yla in a ediyor s.23 Luterove teze nisu napisane u naro ito pristupa nom ili prijem ivom maniru Ukoliko teologija ili crkvena istorija ne spadaju u va u bran u, ak veoma te ko ete pohvatati neke aluzije u delu.Me utim, cenim zna aj koji su ovih 95 teza odigrale u istoriji, dopada mi se Luterovo napredno rezonovanje mada i dalje ogra eno Crkvenim kanonom i propisima, tako da u tom smislu i nije preterano progresivno i podr avam skrivenu dru tvenu satiru me u redovima O tome koliko su uticajne bile ve dovoljno govori to to i danas imamo postojanje protestantske crkve u mnogim velikim evropskim dr avama, negde ak kao i zvani nu veru Ovo je verovatno jedno od onih dela sa nemerljivim zna ajem i velikim doprinosom odre enom periodu u istoriju, ali danas se ini nekako prevazi eno, naivno. Martin Luther s 95 thesis was an outspoken opposition against the immoral activities of the Catholic Church These were times when the Church was steeped in corruption and when innocent people s faith was exploited for money hoarding, all in the name of religion.The corruption of the Church merits a book of itself and I suggest you do some research of your own on the subject and my recommendation would be the Vicar Of Christ by Walter F Murphy, which is an amazing work on the history of the Catholic Church and the papacy.In Luther s time salvation was promised to, not the penitent and devout, but to the rich and corrupt who could buy their way to heaven.The pope was the head of the canon law and exerted his dominion, not only on the living, but also reserved penitence to the dead and it was truly believed that getting pardon from the church could ensure one s salvation Martin Luther opposes this view by stating that the dead are freed from all canonical laws and no one can enter heaven by letters of pardon, but rather, by belief in god and practicing good deeds.He urges the people to come back to the Gospels, the true word of god,and put their faith in Jesus Christ and not on the blessings and hollow pardons of the church.He cautions the people to be wary of the many corrupt practices and of the people who spread such talk and to find their strength in the word of God.It is amazing to wonder what courage it took for Martin Luther to write these thesis in times when, even a single word against the pope or the Orthodox Church was considered blasphemous and punishable by death.This work sent shock waves through the Church and posed a real threat to their core beliefs and practices.The Church knew that if people started following Luther, then their unquestionable belief in the Church would be challenged and this would put the Catholic Church in a very precarious position.It was to mark the beginning of a long ensuing battle between the Catholics and the Protestants. Reading the statements that Martin included in his 95 affirmations puts it all in perspective it is unbelievable the state of degradation in which the Catholic Church had fallen during those years Clearly, from the statements that Martin wrote on his theses, the Catholic Church had become a business where salvation was a matter of money and power, and the Pope along with the entire clergy were corrupted In fact, the C Church, by playing on the ignorance of people, started requesting gifts for the remission of sins and for salvation, and of course, as one can imagine the bigger the gift, the greater the pardon Completely the opposite of Jesus teachings salvation is free and gift from God Ephesians 2 8 9.I could go on all day talking about how the Catholic Church was corrupted, anti biblical and anathema to the Truth But, instead, I will leave it to other readers to form their own opinions regarding the Church at that time However, I will say that having had the chance to study this historical period of time in depth from the European perspective, reading Martin s words gave me a complete picture of this Christian man who became a revolutionary for standing up for the truth.History teaches us that many times corruption, hegemony and evil, continue to get worse until someone takes a stand against what is wrong Martin did just that he did not succumb to the corruption and power of the Church, but took a stand I am sure that it would have been easier to comply with the Churches rules and be like everyone else What a man of integrity It is thanks to individuals like Martin, and Rose Parks 1955 that we have certain freedoms in thought, speech, belief, and existence today, and we should not forget how blessed we are for that I would encourage all Christians to read these theses. Doksan Be Tez, asl nda bir kitap de il Doksan be c mle ya da paragraftan olu an, birka sayfal k, ok k sa bir metin Ayn yay nevinin ba ka eserleri i in de belirtti im zere, kitap boyutuna eri tirmek i in yap lan Latince tam metin dahil eklemelerle bir kitaba d n t r lm Google dan aratarak bu yaz y ok rahatl kla bulup okuyabilirsiniz, ille de kitab sat n alman za gerek yok.Doksan be tezin her biri, esasen her iki taraf a tart maya a lmas istenen g r lerden olu uyor Bir ba ka deyi le i inde bu tart malar yok, sadece tart lacak konular var Hal b yleyken bu kitab okumak ba l ba na bir anlam ifade etmiyor Kald ki, temel bir kural olarak, ele tiriyi anlamak i in ele tirilenin ne oldu unu nceden bilmek gerekiyor Katolik uygulamas hakk nda bilginiz yoksa bu kitap da size bir ey retmeyecektir ok ok evet, end ljans da tmak akla ayk r bir ey zaten diyebilirsiniz evirmenin Martin Luther hakk nda yazd ns z, doksan be tezin kendisinden daha retici San r m bunu s ylemem kafi gelecektir i erik hakk nda. evirisini k sa bir s rede yapt m, ancak konuyu ve metni uzun bir s re boyunca kafamda tart t m s yleyebilirim H ristiyanl n reform d nemi tarihin en ilgin olaylar na tan kl k etmi tir, e i benzeri olmayan bir hareketliliktir Reform d nemindeki tart malar sadece H ristiyanl n de il, sek ler d nyan n bir ok de er ve h k mleri zerinde de etkili olmu tur i e ge mi olan, birbirleriyle eli kili bir ok fikir kimileyin benimsenmi , kimileyin reddedilmi tir Kalvin rne inde oldu u gibi, Luther rne inde de H ristiyan bireyin zg rl ilkelere d nmekle kalm yor, insan do as n n ka n lmaz bir niteli i olarak zg rl k esarete d n yor kisi birbirinin do al sonucudur.Doksan Be Tez i okuyup de erlendirirken, Katolisizmin konformizmine dikkat edilmesini neririm Benim na izane fikrim, insanl k tarihi konformizm tarihidir, her ey gibi dinleri de daha konforlu hale getirmeye al m z ve al yoruz, reform s recinde de bunu g r yoruz, Katolisizmin temel ilkelerle eli en end ljans gibi sonradan Kilise iktidar n per inleyen uygulamalar na kar k p sadece Kutsal Kitap ve Tanr ya d nmeyi nermek ba ta bat l alt etmek anlam nda mant kl gelir, ancak l m ger e iyle y zle mekte zorluk eken insanlar n terapi ihtiyac n kar layan uygulamalarla dinin dinamizm kazand n ve tarih boyunca dinsel d n mlerin bu ekilde ger ekle ti ini d n nce bat l ile temel ilkeler aras nda tercih yapman n zorlu u ortaya kar M him bir a maz Ben eviriyi yaparken, ncesinde ve sonras nda bu konuya odakland m Payla ay m dedim yi okumalar Luther s initial theses cut at an important tool of papal power the papal indulgences The church had the monopoly on the commodity of forgiveness, and its sale via indulgences was a significant source of revenue for the papacy Luther marshals reasons against the legitimacy of indulgences by stressing the exclusivity of God s ability to forgive Theses 5, 6 The pope is not only powerless to forgive, Luther argued, but he is also powerless to grant assurance via letters of pardon, even though he were to stake his soul upon it Thesis 52 Luther also argues that, in the case of indulgences purchased on behalf of souls already in purgatory, it cannot be known for certain whether they are actually penitent Theses 10 20 Some, in fact might not want to be released from purgatory Thesis 29 People who assume they are forgiven because they have purchased indulgences, Luther asserts, are condemned eternally, together with their teachers Thesis 32.Another way in which Luther challenges papal power is by rightly attributing the sale of papal indulgences to the greed of the clerics, rather than to their genuine desire for souls to be forgiven of their sins Thesis 27 Instead of receiving money to forgive people, the pope should instead intercede on their behalf Theses 26, 48.Luther further attacks papal power by setting up ethical expectations for him expectations which he obviously did not fulfill He stated that if the pope knew what the pardon preachers were charging, he would sooner let St Peter s church burn to the ground then let this practice continue It was clear to most that the pope s priorities were not thus ordered Perhaps most scathing is Luther s question, Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love Luther does not question the belief in purgatory Thesis 10, et al He also takes for granted official positions of priesthood as men who are God s vicars Further, even at the height of his denunciation of the sale of indulgences, he inserts a concession that the remission and participation which are granted by the pope are in no way to be despised, thereby granting legitimacy to these offices and their functions Thesis 38 Luther s reference to Mary as the Mother of God also smells strongly of Roman Catholicism.The Theses were revolutionary in their day primarily because they directly and reasonably challenged the greatest religious force in the world During a time in which tradition was elevated above the word of God, Luther heightens the importance of Scripture by railing against the practice of spending sermon time on pardons than on actually preaching the Word Thesis It is also likely that no one before had spoken so boldly about the rank materialism of the church, which valued money above the Gospel Thesis 62 65 The Theses were sufficient to spark the Protestant Reformation because they provided a publicly written rallying point for those who already felt the moral disgust and doctrinal disagreement with the Roman Catholic Church It was a manifesto of sorts, providing a series of statements concerning how true Christians should believe and behave The currents of history were already swirling toward this revolution by publishing the points of difference, this document became the clear voice for the ideas and sentiments of the reformers.